Colombia, the fourth largest country in South America, is bordered by both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
Located at the North West extremity of South America, bordering Brazil, Panama, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela, the Colombian territory also includes the archipelago of San Andres and Providencia, located 700 km North West from the coast, in the Caribbean sea.
The Pico San Cristobal Colon, the highest peak of Colombia in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (the highest coastal range in the world) is located at 5,776 meters above sea level.
The Caribbean region: which includes the Guajira desert, the eternal snows of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, swamps and plains, white sandy beaches and crystal clear waters, jungle and tropical vegetation.
The Andean region: The Andes Cordillera is divided in three chains (the western, central and eastern cordillera) that go from the South to the North of the country, forming a rugged topography with snow-covered peaks, páramos landscapes (elevated wet and cold areas), vast highlands, deep canyons and extensive valleys.
The Orenoque region: a vast plain (the Llanos) crossed by many rivers on the border with Venezuela, this region is comparable to the Argentinean pampa.
The Amazon region: covering an area of 480,000 km2, the Colombian Amazon (border with Brazil and Peru) is characterized by its access to the Amazon River and its protected natural sites.
The Pacific region: with its mountainous relief, the Pacific coast is particularly blessed with and benefits from a great biodiversity: a great variety of birds, humpback whales, underwater sanctuary…
Climate and Weather
Colombia enjoys a pleasant climate with an average temperature of 25° C all year round. However, temperatures are strongly influenced by the altitude with differences of 10 to 15°C between a low altitude region and a mountainous area.
On another note, the Atlantic and Pacific coasts as well as the Amazon are warmer and more humid.
It can rain at any time of the year (with more rain between April and June and then from August to November). The opposite also applies: the sun can shine in any season, in any region.